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14. According to the passage, how did Canadian English become a distinct variety of North American English?
15. The word norms in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to
16. The phrase a great deal in common with in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to
17. In paragraph 2, what point does the author make about Canadian English?
18. The word spot in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to
19. Which sentence below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in paragraph 4? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.
20. All of the following words originated in North American Indian languages EXCEPT
21. Which of the following can be inferred from paragraph 5?
22. The author discusses the expression “eh” in paragraph 6 as an example of
23. The word homogeneity in paragraph 7 is closest in meaning to
24. According to paragraph 7, dialects in Canadian English
25. Look at the four squares, A , B , C and D , which indicate where the following sentence could be added to the passage. Where would the sentence best fit?
Thus, “out” rhymes with “boat,” so the phrase “out and about in a boat” sounds like “oat and aboat in a boat” to American ears.
There is no distinctive Canadian grammar. The differences are mainly in pronunciation, vocabulary, and idioms. Canadian pronunciation reflects the experience of a people struggling for national identity against two strong influences. About 75 percent of Canadians use the British “zed” rather than the American “zee” for the name of the last letter of the alphabet. On the other hand, 75 percent of Canadians use the American pronunciation of “schedule,” “tomato,” and “missile.” A The most obvious and distinctive feature of Canadian speech is probably its vowel sound, the diphthong “ou.” B In Canada, “out” is pronounced like “oat” in nearby U.S. accents. C There are other identifying features of Canadian vowels; for example, “cot” is pronounced the same as “caught” and “collar” the same as “caller.” D
26. An introductory sentence for a brief summary of the passage is provided below. Complete the summary by selecting the THREE answer choices that express the most important ideas in the passage. Some sentences do not belong in the summary because they express ideas that are not presented in the passage or are minor ideas in the passage. This question is worth 2 points.
Canadian English is a variety of North American English that contains several distinguishing features.